Tongue twister for Friday

For those who still struggle with sound Щ:

щщщщ

Practice makes it perfect!

And a recording just in case.


Random words: ЦЕНА/PRICE

The word for today is ЦЕНА (read like *ЦЫНА). Means “price”. ЦЕНЫ will be plural:

Acceptable prices on petrol

Acceptable prices on petrol

The reason why unstressed Е becomes Ы is as follows: normally unstressed Е becomes И, plus after Ж, Ш, or Ц  letter И actually becomes Ы as these three consonants are always hard.

Let’s play with this word a bit and change it to other parts of speech:

ЦЕННЫЙ (adjective) – valuable

БЕСЦЕННЫЙ (adjective) – priceless

Here Е is stressed, therefore it is pronounced like Э. But  if we decide to form a verb, that would be Ы as the verb is

ЦЕНИТЬ (verb) – to  value, as for example here:

Value (your) parents

Value (your) parents


How to read ЗШ and СШ

It’s quite hard to say ЗШ and СШ as they are very different consonants in terms of how they are pronounced, therefore to smooth it we assimilate them (make them similar). As often in Russian, the second consonant influences the first one, so it will be ШШ (a long Ш). Remember it can be within one word or after a preposition.

из Штатов (from States)

высший (highest)

без шуток (without jokes)

из школы (from school)


Unstressed Е after Ж, Ш, and Ц

We know that normally if Е is not stressed, it is pronounced as И.

Ж + Е = ЖИ                        Ш + Е = ШИ                                Ц + Е = ЦИ

Let’s see what actually happens to unstressed Е after Ж, Ш, and Ц. The trick is that И softens consonants but consonants Ж, Ш, and Ц are always hard, therefore we have to say И to Ы:

ЖИ = ЖЫ                        ШИ = ШЫ                                ЦИ = ЦЫ

So, we get the following pronunciation:

Ж + Е = ЖЫ                        Ш + Е = ШЫ                                Ц + Е = ЦЫ

Notes:

1) It’s about pronunciation, not spelling. We still spell unstressed Е after Ж, Ш, and Ц.

2) Does not apply to Ё – be carefull: we sometimes omit the dots yet mean Ё, which is always stressed.

Words to practice (how would we read underlined letters? – consider both red lines and remember to separate stressed from unstressed):

жена (wife), шёпот (whisper), шикарный (classy), жираф (giraffe), цена (price), целый (whole), шёлковый (silky), желудок (stomach), центральный (central), Шереметьево (have you been there?).


When И becomes Ы

The good thing about letter И is that often, stressed or not stresses, it is read like И (when stressed though it will be longer).

Sometimes it can be read as Ы, for example after prepositions ending with a consonant as follows:

ы

Why? If we retain И, the consonant before it will become soft. As we have to leave it hard, we have to change the vowel. To see why O sometimes changes to A or Э, please read this post. Just like in English, no pause between a preposition and the word after. Let’s practice:

(word for word) In prison (they) sit less than I in Internet!

(word for word) In prison (they) sit less than I in Internet!


Читаем букву “О” правильно

Just like in English, in Russian not all letters are pronounced the way you would think, so don’t trust what you see!

Of course, saying a few sounds in a word incorrectly in many cases won’t prevent others from understanding you, but hey, do you want to hear  “Where are you from?” every time you begin a conversation?

Here is a little tip how to reduce your accent.

Letter О is tricky. To put it simply, it can be read in 3 ways depending on the position it occupies (stressed vowels are marked with bold font).

1) О – when it is stressed: ЛЮБОВЬ (“love”)

2) А – when it is pre-stressed (before any stressed vowel): МОСКВА (“Moscow”) – here A is stressed but О before is not, so it will read like “*МАСКВА

– in the beginning of a word (when not stressed): ОСТАНОВКА (“stop”, e.g. bus stop) will read like “*АСТАНОФКА”

3) Э (very weak, something between Ы and А, a bit like in “little” between “t” and “l”) – everywhere else: КРУТО (“cool!”), ГОВОРИТЬ (“to speak”)

Remember! Stressed vowels are longer than non-stressed.

How would you read the words below?

Ходорковкий, хорошо, молоко, пропаганда, погром, тройка, Россия, пиво, меня зовут, спасибо, я не понимаю, помогите (help!!!), холостяк.

Семейный (adjective) – family

Холостяк – bachelor

Женат – married (about a man)

Разведен – divorced (about a man)

Жду чуда – waiting for a miracle


Russian poems you can learn in 120 seconds

If you know Russian numbers.

Russian is well known for its poets but often, especially if you have taken only a few Russian lessons, it is hard to be able to surprise somebody with a Russian poem. So numbers can help you. A particular combination of them can convey the individual style of almost any poet – if you keep up with rhythm, of course.

When you succeed, you can recite them to other people who don’t speak Russian and I guarantee they will sound like a real poem of a particular poet. Let’s take a few.

A.S.Pushkin   Alexander Pushkin, our romantic poet. His works are melodic, often melancholic, Byron-inspired.

  17 30 48,
  140 10 01,
  126 138,
  140 3 501.

You can find the recording here.

Or we can take Vladimir Mayakovsky. His poems are “rough”, they oftentimes resemble military marches.

Mayakovsy

   2 46 38 1
   116 14 20!
   15 14 21
   14 0 17.

Recording here.

You can also go for a cheerful poem which does not imitate anybody’s style.

2 15 42
42 15
37 08 5
20 20 20!
7 14 100 0
2 00 13
37 08 5
20 20 20!

You can find the recording here.

The trick is that if you don’t know numbers well, it won’t sound right – so keep trying!